Select language

Form 8910 Instructions

Instructions for Form 8910, Alternative Motor Vehicle Credit

Rev. January 2022

Related Forms

File Format PDF
Size 115.5 KB
Department of the Treasury  
Internal Revenue Service  
Instructions for Form 8910  
Alternative Motor Vehicle Credit  
(Rev. January 2022)  
Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code  
unless otherwise noted.  
manufacturer, its domestic distributor's) certification to the  
IRS that a specific make, model, and model year vehicle  
qualifies for the credit and the amount of the credit for  
which it qualifies. The manufacturer or domestic  
Future Developments  
For the latest information about developments related to  
Form 8910 and its instructions, such as legislation  
enacted after they were published, go to  
distributor should be able to provide you with a copy of the  
IRS letter acknowledging the certification of the vehicle.  
If, however, the IRS publishes an announcement that  
the certification for any specific make, model, and model  
year vehicle has been withdrawn, you cannot rely on the  
certification for such a vehicle purchased after the date of  
publication of the withdrawal announcement.  
If you purchased a vehicle and its certification was  
withdrawn on or after the date of purchase, you can rely  
on such certification even if you had not placed the vehicle  
in service or claimed the credit by the date the withdrawal  
announcement was published by the IRS. The IRS will not  
attempt to collect any understatement of tax liability  
attributable to reliance on the certification as long as you  
purchased the vehicle on or before the date the IRS  
published the withdrawal announcement.  
What's New  
The alternative motor vehicle credit expired for vehicles  
purchased after 2021. However, if you purchased the  
vehicle in 2021, but placed it in service during 2022, you  
may still be able to claim the credit for 2022. Do not report  
vehicles acquired after 2021 on Form 8910 unless the  
credit is extended.  
At the time these instructions went to print,  
Congress had not enacted legislation on expired  
provisions. To find out if legislation has been  
enacted, go to  
The following requirements must be met to qualify for  
the credit.  
General Instructions  
You are the owner of the vehicle. If the vehicle is  
leased, only the lessor and not the lessee is entitled to the  
Purpose of Form  
Use Form 8910 to figure your credit for alternative motor  
vehicles you placed in service during your tax year. The  
credit attributable to depreciable property (vehicles used  
for business or investment purposes) is treated as a  
general business credit. Any credit not attributable to  
depreciable property is treated as a personal credit.  
You placed the vehicle in service during your tax year.  
The original use of the vehicle began with you.  
You acquired the vehicle for use or to lease to others,  
and not for resale.  
You use the vehicle primarily in the United States.  
Exception. If you are the seller of an alternative motor  
vehicle to a tax-exempt organization, governmental unit,  
or a foreign person or entity, and the use of that vehicle is  
described in section 50(b)(3) or (4), you can claim the  
credit, but only if you clearly disclose in writing to the  
purchaser the amount of the tentative credit allowable for  
the vehicle (from line 6 of Form 8910). Treat all vehicles  
eligible for this exception as business/investment  
property. If you elect to claim the credit, you must reduce  
cost of goods sold by the amount you entered on line 6 for  
that vehicle.  
Partnerships and S corporations must file this form to  
claim the credit. All other taxpayers are not required to  
complete or file this form if their only source for this credit  
is a partnership or S corporation. Instead, they can report  
this credit directly on line 1r in Part III of Form 3800,  
General Business Credit.  
Which Revision To Use  
Use the January 2022 revision of Form 8910 for tax years  
beginning in 2021 or later, until a later revision is issued.  
Use prior revisions of the form and instructions for earlier  
tax years. All revisions are available at  
More information. For details, see the following.  
Section 30B.  
Notice 2008-33, 2008-12 I.R.B. 642, available at  
Alternative Motor Vehicle  
An alternative motor vehicle is a vehicle with at least four  
wheels that qualifies as a qualified fuel cell vehicle.  
Basis Reduction  
Unless you elect not to claim the credit, you may have to  
reduce the basis of each vehicle by the sum of the  
amounts entered on lines 6 and 10 for that vehicle.  
Qualified fuel cell vehicle. This is a new vehicle  
propelled by power derived from one or more cells that  
convert chemical energy directly into electricity by  
combining oxygen with hydrogen fuel, and that meets  
certain additional requirements.  
Coordination With Other Credits  
If a vehicle qualifies for the qualified plug-in electric drive  
motor vehicle credit on Form 8936, the vehicle does not  
qualify for the alternative motor vehicle credit.  
Certification and other requirements. Generally, you  
can rely on the manufacturer's (or, in the case of a foreign  
Aug 25, 2021  
Cat. No. 20107S  
Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Partner's Share of Income,  
Recapture of Credit  
Deductions, Credits, etc., box 15 (code P); and  
If the vehicle no longer qualifies for the credit, you may  
have to recapture part or all of the credit. For details, see  
section 30B(h)(8).  
Schedule K-1 (Form 1120-S), Shareholder's Share of  
Income, Deductions, Credits, etc., box 13 (code P).  
Partnerships and S corporations report the above  
credits on line 8. All other filers figuring a separate credit  
on earlier lines also report the above credits on line 8. All  
others not using earlier lines to figure a separate credit  
can report the above credits directly on Form 3800, Part  
III, line 1r.  
Specific Instructions  
Line 2  
Enter the vehicle's vehicle identification number (VIN) on  
line 2. The VIN of a vehicle can be obtained from the  
registration, title, proof of insurance, or actual vehicle.  
Generally, the VIN is 17 characters made up of numbers  
and letters.  
Line 13  
Enter the total, if any, credits from Schedule 3 (Form  
1040), lines 1 through 4, 6d, and 6I; and Form 5695,  
line 30.  
Line 4  
Line 15  
Tentative Credit  
If you cannot use part of the personal portion of the credit  
because of the tax liability limit, the unused credit is lost.  
The unused personal portion of the credit cannot be  
carried back or forward to other tax years.  
Enter the tentative credit for the year, make, and model of  
vehicle you entered on line 1. You can generally rely on  
the manufacturer's (or domestic distributor's) certification  
to the IRS of the credit allowable as explained earlier.  
Line 5  
Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the  
information on this form to carry out the Internal Revenue  
laws of the United States. You are required to give us the  
information. We need it to ensure that you are complying  
with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the  
right amount of tax.  
Enter the percentage of business/investment use.  
Enter 100% if the vehicle is used solely for business  
purposes or you are claiming the credit as the seller of the  
If the vehicle is used for both business purposes and  
personal purposes, determine the percentage of business  
use by dividing the number of miles the vehicle is driven  
during the year for business purposes or for the  
You are not required to provide the information  
requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork  
Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB  
control number. Books or records relating to a form or its  
instructions must be retained as long as their contents  
may become material in the administration of any Internal  
Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return  
production of income (not to include any commuting  
mileage) by the total number of miles the vehicle is driven  
for all purposes. Treat vehicles used by your employees  
as being used 100% for business/investment purposes if  
the value of personal use is included in the employees'  
gross income, or the employees reimburse you for the  
personal use. If you report the amount of personal use of  
the vehicle in your employee's gross income and withhold  
the appropriate taxes, enter 100% for the percentage of  
business/investment use.  
If during the tax year you convert property used solely  
for personal purposes to business/investment use (or vice  
versa), figure the percentage of business/investment use  
only for the number of months you use the property in your  
business or for the production of income. Multiply that  
percentage by the number of months you use the property  
in your business or for the production of income and  
divide the result by 12. For example, if you converted a  
vehicle to 50% business use for the last 6 months of the  
year, you would enter 25% on line 5 (50% multiplied by 6  
divided by 12).  
information are confidential, as required by section 6103.  
The time needed to complete and file this form will vary  
depending on individual circumstances. The estimated  
burden for individual and business taxpayers filing this  
form is approved under OMB control number 1545-0074  
and 1545-0123 and is included in the estimates shown in  
the instructions for their individual and business income  
tax return. The estimated burden for all other taxpayers  
who file this form is shown below.  
Recordkeeping .  
Learning about the law or the form  
Preparing and sending the form to the IRS .  
5 hr., 15 min.  
18 min.  
23 min.  
If you have comments concerning the accuracy of  
these time estimates or suggestions for making this form  
simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. See the  
instructions for the tax return with which this form is filed.  
For more information, see Pub. 463, Travel, Gift, and  
Car Expenses.  
Line 8  
Enter total alternative motor vehicle credits from:  
Instructions for Form 8910 (Rev. 1-2022)